The exploratory essay is different from most essays because it does not reach a specific conclusion but covers a variety of aspects of the topic.
As with most essays, the approach the writer chooses depends on what they hope to achieve.
Generally exploratory essays highlight your research in detail and how you have worked the ideas out. The exploratory essay also has room to exam ideas rhetorically and to identify strengths and weaknesses in an issue. It outlines and discusses without reaching a definite conclusion.