Project Description

Water Provision Methods in Arid Areas


In order to classify an area as arid, it requires a series of environmental evaluations to determine the availability of water which is very essential in both domestic and industrial use. However, severe water shortage interferes with the vegetation cover causing hardship to  both  domestic and wild animals due to inhabitable conditions which in not  only unfavorable to  animals but  plants also. The essay is aimed at determining the water provision methods within the arid and semi arid areas in Israel.

Possible Methods of Water Provision

To supply water resource in to most of the parts within Israel, The government of Israel formed water commission to control water usage and irresponsible behavior into the ways of handling the precious resource (Morgan, 1995, p. 21). However, through the construction of national water resources, in order to assist the needy within Israel, the first national water carrier had been carried out in two phases.

The first phase entailed the pipeline which contained water from the Rosh Aayin in the East of the capital city, Tel Aviv. However, Later on the government supported a project to obtain water from the Sea of Galilee in the quest to  supply enough water for the whole country,  the Israeli government resorted in a series of  methods  inclusive of  drilling of  bore holes which are  installed with  water pumps especially at the coastal plains where water  tables are high.

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Isotope techniques

Israel being a dry country experiences water problems more frequently, however, the adoption of isotopic technique among other methods of water provision is very important in the water assessment and management spectrum. Despite the issue being faced with water problem, the government is committed to avert the situation through not only short term solutions but also solutions so that the Israelites too could enjoy having access to clean water (Morgan, 1995, p. 21).  Water scarcity is a scourge that hinders the global development. Moreover, the available sources of water also faces a lot of problems being that the environmental isotopes within arid and semi arid hydrological zones are commonly used (Solomon, 1997).

Solar-powered Disalinators

The disalinators are also used to subsidize on the water supply the rough action. However, disalinators are best used in private due to lack f complexity as every duty awaits the partners. Despite the availability of the Sea f Galilee which is able to provide enough water for irrigation, it is adept to embrace other methods of water supply for instance through the use of horse pipes and over head sprinklers which are to be sued mostly at night to increase the availability of drinking water for the baby (Solomon, 1997, p. 53).  Despite the low cost of disalinators, the volume of economic out put is low as compared to the other methods involved in acquiring water (Morgan, 1995, p. 21).  .

However, being that Israel is arid do not mean that there is completely   no rainfall within the year. Aridity ay have been caused by uneven rainfall that is unpredictable.  As an option to in Israel, about 70% of the available water is spent on agricultural production; however, it would be difficult to achieve the high percentage of the water in agriculture. Being that water is essential in life. Each sector of the economy is assigned some special information that is required in order to be able to us the precious commodity. Due to the insufficiency in water supply, government imposed quotas which are charged on the higher side to lower the witnessed water extravagance.

Advanced Methods of Irrigation

There are numerous practices that achieve for example   both drought and standing water.  Other than the natural conditions that have to be adhered to, plants should involve practices that support the overall plant sustainability. Through irrigation and surface run offs, you find that the moisture that interferes with the crops are as a result of standing water.  Another way of economically utilizing the pressurized  sprinkler  which n turn  increases practices that would lead to  better  water use.

Agriculturally, from the arid and semiarid areas experienced different challenging situations, drip irrigation being economical should be embraced to maximize on production due to the numerous advantages over the other method of water conservation especially in arid and semi arid areas.

Glacial Resources

Water being an essential commodity especially in arid and semi arid areas, any source of  water  for example permanent snow and/or glaciers are  suppose to  be captured and preserved   within the available mountains in the regions that experiences aridity so as to regulate run off. The areas covered by glaciers from East to West is about 2600 km. glaciers cover a broad area of about 26,000 km from the east to west.

Recycling of sewage water.

In order to reduce the dangers that underground water faces considering sewage lines, there is a lot more that could be done  to recycle the sewerage into an economically beneficial  process for example; using the recycled  water for irrigation. However, this can be achieved through setting up a recycling centre, through percolation of water into the various soli layers additionally providing cleaning phase. Through this kind f faming, Israel is able to feed other countries (Reij et. al., 1997, p. 37).

Once the recycled water is ready for use, it s pumped through a special pipelines to Negev for irrigation. The treated water is of high degree of water purification hence can be used to irrigate all crops without causing any health hazard. However, due to success in water purification, most of the agricultural water especially. Mostly, water is insane / of inferior quality because of the poor handling methods that we engage in Soil water and phreatic water are other kinds of water resources through dependency on water exchanges that occurs between runoff, rain water and soil water, which are complex in making a quantitative evaluation. The phreatic water  most at times can be found in deserts since most of the interior basins, in the arid regions are occupied by deserts, more than 650,000 km,


Supply of Irrigation water in semi-arid areas

Referencing to the situations in both arid and semi arid climatic conditions, water as a resource is a concern in both plant and animal husbandry (Reij et. al., 1997, p. 42). However, being that there is not any better solution yet in Israel.  Floodwater harvesting enables the country to offer extra food to other countries, a condition that embraces and creates a belonging to specific group of individuals with completion. This is an example derived from personal experience about farming through irrigation process, the only issue is the threatening low volumes of water which expected to serve large group of individuals. Alternatively, establishment of drought resistance crops and rearing of animal species that is able to survive under such harsh conditions (Rallison, 1980, p. 21).


  • Agricultural products which are mostly affected by lack of water should be properly moderated.
  • Systematic analysis of critical water related objectives to realize environmental restoration.
  • Determining effective tariffs and fee use to realize low water consumption.
  • Guarantee ground water conation and adequate project pay.


Morgan, R.(1995). 2nd Edi. Water in Arid areas: Longman Group Limited, London.

Rallison R. (1980). Ways of water provision in Arid areas, New York, ASCE.

Reij, C., Mulder, P., and Begemann, L. (1991). Methods of water provision in Arid areas: World Bank Technical Paper Number 91, Washington, D.C.

Solomon G. (1997).  Possible ways of water provision in Arid areas, Practical Attachment Report.